An accounting model that is based on the economic theory that profit will be greater when the difference between total revenue and TOTAL COST is the greatest. SEC requirement in financial reporting for an explanation by management of significant changes in operations, ASSETS, and LIQUIDITY. Also, for tax purposes, an excess of basis over the amount realized in a transaction.
Encumbrances are not considered actual expenses and are not included in actual-expense balances. With Encumbrances, no payments leave the University and no actual expense would be generated on a ledger, since it is an expectation of a future actual transaction. Next, organizations need to choose the appropriate encumbrance accounting system.
When you decide to carry cover encumbrances, check that all journal entries are correctly made and that all the balances you’re bringing forward are correct, since the balances you bring forward cannot be reversed. The External Encumbrance (balance type code EX) refers to the commitment of funds generated by purchase orders. The encumbrance journal entries for requisitions
and purchase orders.
Generally it is deductible regardless of whether it is business or personal. Net of cash receipts and cash disbursements relating to a particular activity during a specified accounting period. INTEREST cost incurred during the time necessary to bring an ASSET to the condition and location for its intended use and included as part of the HISTORICAL COST of acquiring the asset.
DEBTS or OBLIGATIONS owed by one entity (DEBTOR) to another entity (CREDITOR) payable in money, goods, or services. Acquisition of a controlling INTEREST in a company in a transaction financed by the issuance of DEBT instruments by the acquired entity. SECURITIES borrowed from a broker’s INVENTORY, other MARGIN accounts, or from other brokers, when a customer makes a short sale and the securities must be delivered to the buying customer’s broker. A complete record of the transactions recorded in each individual account. Conveyance of land, buildings, equipment or other ASSETS from one person (LESSOR) to another (LESSEE) for a specific period of time for monetary or other consideration, usually in the form of rent.
The ACCOUNT that reflects the stockholders’ claim to the assets earned from operations and reinvested in corporate operations. Fund established to account for assets whose income must be used for purposes established by donors or grantors of such ASSETS. Agreement whereby an institution purchases SECURITIES under a stipulation that the seller will repurchase the securities within a certain time period at a certain price. A ratio for measuring the relative size of a company’s accounts receivable and the success of its CREDIT and collection policies during an accounting period. A CONTRA ACCOUNT used under the PERIODIC INVENTORY SYSTEM to accumulate CASH refunds, credits on ACCOUNT, and other allowances made by suppliers for unsatisfactory or incorrect MERCHANDISE that was originally purchased for resale.
New ASSETS invested largely in companies that are developing new ideas, products, or processes. The process of determining the PRESENT VALUE of a BOND based on the current MARKET INTEREST RATE. To assume the RISK of buying a new ISSUE of securities from the issuing CORPORATION or government entity and reselling them to the public, either directly or through dealers. https://personal-accounting.org/how-to-get-accounting-help-for-startup/ MUNICIPAL BOND term referring to the debt of government entities within the jurisdiction of larger government entities and for which the larger entity has partial CREDIT responsibility. The number of times a particular product is sold and restocked during a fixed period of time. Date when a SECURITY transaction is entered into, to be settled on at a later date.
Amount, expressed as a percentage of total investment, that shareholders pay for MUTUAL FUND operating expenses and management fees. All individuals, TRUSTS, and estates qualify Best Law Firm Accounting Software in 2023 for an exemption unless they are claimed as a dependent on another individual's tax return. Organization which is generally exempt from paying federal income tax.